In our previous post we talked about stroke, and gave a bit of insight on the two major classes of factors which increase the risk of stroke; They are Modifiable and Non-modifiable. This post will focused on the non-modifiable risk factors.
- Age: This is the most dominant non modifiable risk factors for stroke. Individuals aged 55 are at a higher risk of developing stroke than any other age group. For every decade increase in age after 55, the risk for stroke more than doubles in both men and women.
- Gender: Men are more likely to develop a stroke than women. However, after a certain age, more women have been seen to develop stroke this has been attributed to longer life expectancy of women
- Ethnicity & Race:African Americans have twice the risk of stroke, partially because they are more susceptible to high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. Hispanic and Asian/Pacific Islanders also have higher risk of stroke than Caucasians.
- Family History: The risk of stroke increases if a family member (parent, grandparent, or sibling) has had a stroke or a heart attack at an early age (usually before 55)
Why are these risk factors important if they cannot be managed?
The presence of risk factors aids in the identification of those who are at greatest risk of developing a stroke. A Good knowledge of these risk factors increases awareness of the need to inculcate healthy lifestyle choice, undergo regular health check ups, and effectively manage those risk factors which can be modified.
The next post will talk about the modifiable risk factors and how we can manage or reduce the risk of developing stroke…